In addition to the processing of polymers and metals, other materials can also be used in AM. These include ceramics, sand and composites as well as concrete and paper.
Green part is printed to be sintered afterwards = CFF (Continuous Filament Fabrication)
Paste Extrusion ANY PASTY MATERIAL = PEM (Paste Extrusion Modeling)
CFF (Continuous Filament Fabrication)
Wire-shaped plastic (filament) is plasticized in a nozzle unit and selectively dosed layer by layer locally around continuously deposited reinforcing fibers.
PEM (Paste Extrusion Modeling)
Material is selectively dosed layer by layer locally by a piston-nozzle or pump unit.
Joined with bonding agent SAND OR GYPSUM = BJ (Binder Jetting)
BJ (Binder Jetting)
Tiny binder droplets are selectively applied locally through many nozzels and in layers onto the powder bed. They stick the powder material together.
Microdosed WAX = DOD (Drop on Demand)
DOD (Drop on Demand)
Through many nozzles, heated wax droplets are applied locally selectively and layer by layer. The wax solidifies through cooling.
Laminated COMPOSITE OR PAPER = SDL / LOM (Selective Deposition Lamination / Laminated Object Manufacturing)
SDL / LOM (Selective Deposition Lamination / Laminated Object Manufacturing)
Nozzles are used to selectively apply locally adhesive to the respective material layer. The individual construction levels are stacked and laminated directly or subsequently, the component is cut out along the contour and / or subsequently uncovered.